Belényes) is a city in Bihor County, Romania near the Apuseni
Mountains. The river Crişul Negru flows in Beiuş.
It has first being attested documentary in the
year 1263, mentioned as being burned down during a Mongol invasion in
1241. Later, between late 18th and very early 20th century the city of
Beiuş constituted one of the most important learning centers in
Romanian language of Transylvania, during Austro-Hungarian Empire
reign, when Romanians had little or no benefit of political rights and
their representation was very poor, including in religion.
- Estate of the Oradea Bishopric is
mentioned for the first time in the Regestrum Varadiensis. It
was mentioned under Benenus in 1291, Belinis in 1300 and Benenes in
- 1451 free royal city under John Vitez of Zredna.
- Seal of Beiuş showing Ladislaus I of Hungary inscribed around:
"Sigillum Oppidi Belenes"
- 1552 Oradea Bishopric tithe list
counts more than 420 settlement house.
- 1570 Under Speyer
Agreement, Prince of Transylvania ruled this region.
1660 The Ottoman Empire conquested Beiuş.
- 1691 The Austro
Hungarian Empire conquered Beiuş.
- 1692 A census mentions 9
- 1715 A census mentions 29 Hungarians
- 1720 52 Hungarians family and 22 Romanian family
lived in the city.
- 1754 A romanian secondary school opens,
the second in Transylvania after the one at Blaj.
- 1777 Maria
Theresa of Austria founded Greek Catholic Bishopric with the residence
in Oradea and endowed the Bishopric with an estate at Beiuş.
Bishop Samuil Vulcan (1806-1893) built up a Greek Catholic Church, set
up the Greek-Catholic secondary school in Beiuş and endowed it with
- 1850 1250 Romanian and 950 Hungarians
family lived in the city.
- 1914 2134 Hungarians and 1974
Romanian lived in Beiuş.
- 2002 Around 1,000 Romanians and
around 1000 Hungarians live in Beiuş.
Nevertheless, today, a peaceful place combining few ethnies
and three times a much religions has superb architectural edificies
like few old churches and the 1828 built "Liceul Samuil Vulcan" high
school ranking after year 2000 also as "National College". The city is
a keypoint in reaching the Apuseni Mountains and their rich mines, or
mountain resorts like Stâna de Vale or Arieşeni trough smaller but
picturesque communities and villages like Budureasa or Vascau. The
nearby mountains are hosts to some of the most dense and spectacular
limestone cave systems in the world home to the extinct cave bear
(Ursus speleus) or prehistoric men bone vestiges, huge colonies of
bats, subteranean lakes, unbelievable calcarous formations or simply
giant earthworms that live in the guano flooded cave
Expectedly so according to its rich heritage and long
history, Beius has its own museum, a place with exhibits of natural
history, military history, art but mostly famous for it folkloric
artifacts: peasant tools, pottery, garments or art gathered from
entire central and southern county of Bihor. Famous are also the
misterious links of underground tunnels believed to link as escape
routes during the Medieval Age, eventualy initiated during times of
Hungarian king Bela IV. Nearby landscape include agricultural hills
with crops ranging from corn, wheat and potato to orchards of fruits
like apple, pears, prunes and strawberies. A long stretch of wildlife
depleted forest but rich in flora stretches from northeast of the
city. Industry is represented mainly trough production of furniture
and fashion destined for the European market. Nearby gigantic
distilery and refreshing beverages plant of Sudrigiu employes also a
hefty part of the city's labour hand.
Available or popular
sports in or around Beiuş are: fresh water fishing (trout, catfish,
carp and at least a dozen other edible kinds), speleology
(spelunking), soccer (Sunday soccer is a local ritual for all ages),
ski, snowboard, sleding, tennis, hiking, camping, backpacking and rock
climbing. Hunting is also popular for species like: wild boar, roe
deer, rabbit, pheasant, partridge or ducks (mainly mallards).
Municipalities in Romania