Szászváros, German: Bros) is a city
in Hunedoara County, West Central Romania (part of Transylvania).
(partial translation from the town's site; much
information is quoted from "Das Kirchenkastell in Broos")
- VIIIth to 9th century - First signs of human settlement.
- 1206 - King of Hungary, Andrew II, mentioned Romosul, a
village near Orăştie, as one of the first three villages in
Transylvania comprising Saxon colonists.
- 1224 - Andrew II
confirmed the privileges of the Saxon colonists and mentioned the
existence of Romanian (Blachi) and Pecheneg
(Bisseni) populations in the town.
- 1241 - Orăştie
was devastated during the Mongol invasion.
- 1309 - Orăştie
had approx. 1,600 inhabitants.
- 1324 - Hungarian King Charles
I Robert, awarded it the rank of town.
- 1376 - 19 guilds
(fraternitas) are mentioned as active in the town.
1420 - The county is raided by the Ottomans, who are said to have
taken about 20,000 prisoners (could be an exaggeration).
1425 - Saxons from Orăştie became suppliers of the Turks. Town is
mentioned under its German name, Bros or Broos.
- 1436 - Hungarians are mentioned as living in the center of the
- 1438 - An Ottoman army entered Transylvania near
Orăştie and damaged the town's fortress.
- 1479 - An Ottoman
army of 60,000 raided Transylvania. On its way back, it was attacked
by Transylvanian troops (some under the command of Pavel Chinezul)
near Orăştie. The Turks lost half of their forces.
- 1500 -
The annual fair on Saint Nicholas Day was held for the first time in
- 1577 - The first mention of the Hungarian name for
the town, Szászváros.
- 1599 - Michael the Brave
asked the town for a loan of 1,000 florins.
- 1602 - General
Giorgio Basta garrisoned 400 Imperial soldiers in the town. Their
actions persuaded the townsfolk to flee or otherwise barricade
themselves in the church's castle.
- 1602 - General Gabriel
Bethlen, with an army of Tatars, Turks, Hungarians and Serbs besieged
the town. The Imperial soldiers were denied acces to the church's
castel and all but 11 were killed. In August, Basta retook
Transylvania and hanged the Mayor of Orăştie and two other proeminent
- 1604 - 1,500 of Basta's soldiers were garrisoned
in the town. Because of extreme famine, there cannibalism
- 1605 - A large part of the town was
- 1661 - An Ottoman army in pursuit of John Kemény,
set on fire Orăştie and Sebeş.
- 1697 - The first pharmacy of
the town, "Graffius", was established.
- 1733 - The tax
registry mentioned 2,800 inhabitants in 568 families: 240 Romanian
families, 170 Hungarian, 100 Saxon, 50 Gypsy and 8 Greek.
1738 - The plague caused the deaths of 156 people.
- 1749 -
The Roman Catholic church was built in the shape that it still has: in
1880 a tower was added.
- 1752-1756 - 144 colonists from Upper
Austria settle the town.
- 1757-1758 - Another 222 colonists
from the same region.
- 1784 - The peasants' rebellion of
Horea, Cloşca and Crişan.
- 1786 - A census under Eperor
Joseph II counted 3,190 people in the town.
- 1820-1823 - The
Lutheran church was build, wuth a tower being added in 1841.
1828 - A large fire destroys 127 houses.
- 1848 - Fightings
between forces of Hungarian Revolutionary forces under general Józef
Bem, and the Austrian armies.
- 1853 - Transylvania was
reorganised in 10 counties. The third one was centered on Orăştie. The
county has 134,77 square miles/348,90 square km and 214,165
inhabitants. According to etnical criteria, its population comprised:
192,995 Romanians, 7,809 Hungarians, 1,063 Germans (and 12,297 of
other categories). The religious divisions: 160,603 Eastern Orthodox,
38,550 Eastern Rite Catholics, 8,565 Lutherans, 4,283 Roman-Catholic,
2,141 Calvinists and 23 of other religions.
- 1854 - Orăştie
had 4,207 inhabitants.
- 1857 - Census counted 5,029
inhabitants: 1,850 Eastern Ortodox, 1,136 Roman Catholic, 884
Lutheran, 688 Calvinist, 486 Eastern Rite, 24 Jewish, 19 Unitarian and
- 1867 - The synagogue was build.
- 1869 -
First bank was established : "Brooser Vorschuss-verein".
1877 - Orăştie had 5,661 inhabitans.
- 1880 - Orăştie had
1,086 houses and 5,451 inhabitans: 2,312 Romanians, 1,427 Germans,
1,227 Hungarians, 16 Slovaks, 8 Serbs, 176 other nationalities, 138
foreigners and 147 of unknown maternal language (a category that
included Gypsies); 2,030 Eastern Ortodox, 1,002 Roman Catholic, 964
Lutheran, 769 Calvinist, 523 Eastern Rite, 163 Jewish.
- Orăştie had 6,238 inhabitans. Electrical street lighting was
- 1910 - 6,937 inhabitans (of which 3,276
- 1930 - 7,377 inhabitans.
- 1941 - 9,751
- 1948 - 8,819 inhabitans.
- 1956 - 10,488
- 1960 - 11,726 inhabitans.
- 1966 -
- 1973 - 14,994 inhabitans.
- 20,000 inhabitans.