Feketehalom

Information

Codlea (German: Zeiden, Hungarian: Feketehalom) is a city in Braşov County, central Romania.

History

During the 13th century, the Teutonic Order built a fortress known as Schwarzburg ("black castle") near the "Măgura Codlei". The castle's name was first noted in 1265. The city of Codlea is believed to have been also founded by Germans. The fortified church in the city is the largest in the Burzenland historic region.

Name

The Romanian name "Codlea" is derived from the Slavic cotal ("kettle"), as the Măgura Codlei ("kettle hill") looks like a kettle. The hill also provides the Hungarian name of the city Feketehegy ("Black Hill"). The German name's origin is unknown, but there is a theory that it was derived from Zeidler ("beekeeper").

Population

  • 1510: 670
  • 1814: 3,264
  • 1849: 3,764
  • 1890: 4,035
    • 2,680 Germans (67%)
    • 1,211 Romanians (30%)
    • 44 Hungarians(1%)
    • 100 Jews and others (2%)
  • 1930: 5,219
    • 3,111 Germans (60%)
    • 1,916 Romanians (36%)
    • 192 Hungarians (4%)
  • 1941: 6,214
  • 1966: 13,075
  • 1977: 22,744
  • 1982: 23,500
  • 1992: 24,620
  • 2002: 24,256

External links

Braşov CountyMunicipalities in Romania

Photos in region

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