WIKI REFRESH Sebeş (German: Mühlbach,
Hungarian: Szászsebes) is a city in Alba County, central
Romania, southern Transylvania.
comes from the hungarian word sebes
meaning fast and
referring to the river which flows through the city. The german name
means mill river referring to the hidraulic mills
that were built along the river.
lies on the Mureş River valley and it straddles Sebeş river. It is at
the crossroad of two main routes in Romania: E68 European route - DN1
coming from Sibiu and going towards Deva and E81 European route - DN7
coming from Sibiu and going towards Alba-Iulia and Cluj Napoca.
is situated at 15 km south opf the county capital Alba Iulia and it
has under its administration also the following villages:
- Petresti - 3,5 km south.
- Lancrăm – 2 km north.
- Rahău - 6 km east.
Dacian settlement, Sebeş was incorporated into the Roman Empire. After
being conquered by the Kingdom of Hungary, Sebeş was settled by the
Transylvanian Saxons in the 12th century and became an important city
in medieval Transylvania. Its city walls were reinforced after Tatar
invasions, but the city was occupied in 1438 by the Ottoman Empire.
John I Zápolya died in Sebes in 1540. The Diet of Transylvania met in
Sebeş in 1546, 1556, 1598 and 1600. The location of the meetings, the
Zápolya House, is now a museum. After the union with Romania in 1918,
the first mayor of the city was Lionel Blaga
, the brother of
the romanian poet and philosopher Lucian Blaga who was born in the
nearby village of Lancrăm.
Today Sebeş is a
city with a dynamic economy, having received in the last decade
important foreign investments: wood processing and leather goods
manufacturing are the chief domains of the local industry.
The ethnical composition is as follows:
- Romanians - 25.580 - 92,41 %
- Romas - 1.406 -
- Germans - 425 - 1,54 %
- Hungarians - 218 -
- Other - 51 - 0,18 %
CountyMunicipalities in Romania